In database terminology, a record holds all the information or data about one specific object that has been entered into the database.
Each individual element of information in the record - such as a telephone number or hair color - is referred to as a field.
In an Excel database, records are normally organized in rows with each cell or field in the row containing one item or element of information.
To ensure that data is entered in the same order for each record, headings are added to the columns included in the record. These column headings are referred to as field names.
A phone book is an example of a list containing data records. Each listing is a record containing all of the information about a person / business in a row - such as their name, address, and phone number.