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Absolute Cell Reference



In Excel and other spreadsheets, an absolute cell reference identifies the location a cell or group of cells.

Cell references are used in formulas, functions, charts, and other Excel commands.

An absolute cell reference consists of the column letter and row number preceded by dollar signs ( $ ).

An example of an absolute cell reference would be $C$4, $G$15, or $A$345.

Note: An easy way to add the dollar signs to a cell reference is to click on a cell reference and then press the F4 key on the keyboard.

An absolute cell reference is used when you want a cell reference to stay fixed on a specific cell.

This means that as a formula or function is copied and pasted to other cells, the cell references in the formula or function do not change.

By contrast, most cell references in a spreadsheet are relative cell references, which change when copied and pasted to other cells.

More information can be found under Cell Reference and Relative Cell Reference.

Related Tutorials

Also Known As: Absolute Cell Address

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